How to make coco peat at home easy and simple method details in this article given. No mater, just use the idea. Coco peat (cocopit), also known as coir back, coir fiber back, coir dust or simply coir, is made from coconut husk, a by-product of other industries that use coconut. Coir waste from the coir fiber industry is washed, heat-treated, screened and graded before processing into cocoa peat products of various granularity and concentration, which are then used for horticultural and agricultural applications and as industrial absorbent. Usually sent in the form of compressed bells, briquettes, slabs or discs, the end user usually expands and compresses the compressed cocoa pit by adding water. One kilogram of cocoa peat will extend up to 15 liters of moist cocoa peat.
We all know that coconut is a fruit that uses all its parts in our daily life. It could be coconut oil derived from coconut, or it could be white meat (solid endosperm) or coconut milk (liquid endosperm), both rich sources of energy and both very nice hydrating agents. Similarly, the economic importance of the outer covering i.e. husk or coconut husk is much higher. During the process of removing the husk from the coconut we all felt, the small powder particles fall down. Also, if we hammer the husk or crush the husk, we can get a good amount of such dust. This dust is called cocoa peat or coir dust. Cocoa peat was first used commercially in Holland in the 1980s, where roses and lilies were grown using a medium with exceptional results. Cocoa peat is then regularly used in gardening and indoor plants.
How to Make Coco Peat at Home
Biosecurity; Cocoa peat can provide shelter to animals that pose a threat to the biological security of the countries to which it is imported. Cocoa peat has been imported into New Zealand since about 1989, with a significant increase since 2004. A total of 25 new weed species were found in the cocoa peat imported by 2009. New Zealand cocoa peat import regulations have been amended to improve biosecurity.
Some General Info; The following are some points that really highlight that cocoa peat is one of the essential companions for your home garden. You will know its various benefits. Cocoa peat is characterized by much higher water holding capacity than any other medium. One kg cocopit can hold 8 to 12 liters of water. Therefore, once watered, watering is not required for long periods of time even in hot summer months. It contains high amount of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Zinc, Magnesium etc. So it is a ready source of nutrients for plants. As a growing medium, they provide good ventilation to the plants.
How to Make Coco Peat at Home Easy and Simple Method. Which enhances the respiration of the roots and thus creates a healthy plant. It does not cause water logging or waterlogging at the base of the tree. It prevents stem rot and absorbs water to create a healthy plant. Cocoa peat can be used repeatedly and reused. It can be used up to 4 years long and after that, it starts peeling and then it should be replaced by new cocoa peat.
Make Coco Peat Step by Step
Some equipments uses; A scissors, A grinder / mixer, A sieve, A container for storing cocoa peat, Water And the most important thing is the coconut husk. Where can you find coconut yolks? You can ask the nearest fruit shop, local vendors. You can find them in religious places like temples or From Coconut Farm (if nearby)
- Take coconut peel
- Then cut the husk into small pieces with a pair of scissors.
- Grind the cut pieces using a mixer / grinder
Dust collection and fiber removal after grinding. You can also run fibers to collect dust.
- Then add enough water to the collected dust, dissolve it in a fluffy solution, so that the salt components are removed.
- Then leave the water for 12 to 16 hours then drain the excess water by sifting the peat.
- Leave the rest of the holes in the sun for a day.
- Cocoa peat is then ready for use.
- Alternative process without a grinder
Alternative Process Can Used;
- Collect coconut husk.
- Separate the fibers by hand and rub together.
- This will create coir dust in a while.
- Collect dust in a container.
- Add enough water to the dust to make a fluffy solution.
- Leave it like this for 12 to 16 hours.
- Then squeeze the peat and drain the excess water.
- Keep the hole in the sun for a day.
- Then the cocoa peat is ready for use.
- How to Make Coco Peat at Home Easy and Simple Method more below.
Some Proper Uses
Cocoa peat is an excellent moisturizer, extremely user-friendly to handle, odorless, has no side effects in plant growth and is one of the cheapest and most affordable options for preparing a medium for plant growth. It is readily available everywhere and can be easily made at home. Therefore, it is recommended to use cocoa peat as a growing medium, whether you are planning to grow some indoor plants or want to grow some succulent or make hanging flower baskets. It is one of the most popular options for hydroponics cultivation.
Only cocoa peat needs to be washed with water to remove contaminants. Cocoa coir is rich in various salts, which can be harmful to plants. Therefore, it can only be washed with water and used as a growing medium. Since cocoa peat has low bulk density when mixed with soil, it keeps the soil loose and airy and encourages root respiration. Since cocoa peat has a high cation exchange capacity, it prevents nutrient loss due to its high nutrient holding capacity. The use of cocoa peat is an environmentally friendly method because no harmful chemicals are being used in the whole process. A long list of why you should use cocoa peat.
Cocoa peat can be used as a growing medium in hydroponics and soil-less cultivation. Can be used for indoor plant growth. It is mixed with garden soil and can be used as potting soil for growing fruits, flowers and vegetables. In stem cutting, cocoa peat can be used as a means of root growth. Important media for hanging baskets and succulents.
Mostly Uses Coco Peat
Cocoa peat is used as a soil additive. Due to its low nutrient content, cocoa peat is not the only ingredient in the medium commonly used for plant growth. When plants grow exclusively on cocoa peat, it is important to add nutrients according to the needs of specific plants. Cocoa peat in Sri Lanka and India is rich in macro- and micro-plant nutrients, including potassium. How to Make Coco Peat at Home Easy and Simple Method.
Cocoa peat does not decompose completely when it arrives and if not enough it will use the available nitrogen to compete with the plants (known as drawdown). Poorly obtained cocoa peat may contain excess salt and may require washing (check electrical conductivity of running water, flush if excess). It has the same cation exchange capacity as sphagnum peat, it retains water well, retracts well from dry and contains about 1000 times more air than soil.
Common uses of cocoa peat include; As an alternative to peat, because it is seed free of bacteria and most fungi, and peat is produced sustainably without environmental damage due to mining. Makes good quality soil by mixing sand, compost and manure. Cocoa peat usually has an acidity between pH – 5.5 to 6.5. It is slightly acidic for some plants, but many popular plants can tolerate this pH range. As a layer for growing mushrooms, which increases cellulose. So Cocoa peat contains high cellulose and lignin content. But Cocoa peat can be reused up to three times with slight loss of yield. Cocoa peat from diseased plants should not be reused.
Others Info For You
How to Make Coco Peat at Home Easy and Simple Method here. Being a good absorbent, dried cocoa peat can be used as an oil absorbent on slippery floors. Cocoa peat is used as a bed to absorb animal waste to keep the farm clean and dry in animal farms and pet houses. Unlike cocoa peat sphagnum moss, it is hydrophilic and can absorb water quickly even when completely dry. The cockpit is perforated and cannot be easily over watered. Thank you all again from the bottom of my heart from smallveggarden.com.