How to grow celery in your garden all about celery those are variety, growing, planting, problems solutions and harvesting guide. Keep in touch with smallveggarden.com. Celery (Apium graveolens) a wetland plant of the Apiaceae family that cultivated as a vegetable since ancient times. Celery leaves have long fibrous stalks. Depending on the location and cultivation, either its stalks, leaves or hypocotyl eaten and used in cooking. Celery seed powder is used as a spice. Celery leaves 3-6 cm (1–2 + 1⁄2 in) long and 2–4 cm (1–1 + 1⁄2 in) wide rhombic leaflets from bipinite to bipinite. The flowers are creamy-white, 2-3 mm (3⁄32–1⁄8 in) in diameter and produced in dense compound umbrellas.
Seeds broadly ovate to globe, 1.5-2 mm (1⁄16–5⁄64 in) long and wide. Modern varieties have been selected for hard petioles, leaf stalks or large hypocotyls. A celery stalk is easily separated into a “string” which is a bundle of angular cholecystoma cells outside the vascular bundle. Celery also gives a ton of health benefits. You burn more calories in it than chewing celery, so it is considered a negative calorie food.
It is an anti-inflammatory food source, so it can help fight cancer and chronic diseases. These cold-weather, long-season crops can take up to 140 days to harvest, although short-season varieties are available. Celery is considered a solid biennial, but it usually grows as an annual for 12- to 18-inch stalk edibles. Celery is considered a relatively tough crop because you have to start celery from seed (transplants are hard to find and not always successful) and the plant is at risk of bolting in cold weather. Although one of the more difficult crops to cultivate at home, celery always holds a place in our garden because it is very useful in the kitchen – for stews, stew-fries, soups and salads. Go down for more of how to grow celery.
How To Grow Celery From Best Variety
Commercial production of celery in North America dominated by cultivation called ‘Pascal’ celery. Gardeners can grow a variety of varieties, many of which are distinct from wild species, mainly on hard leaf stems. They divided into white and red. The stalks grow in tight, straight, parallel clusters and usually marketed in a new way. These are sold without roots and have a small amount of green leaves. The stalks eaten raw, or as an ingredient in salads, or as a flavor in soups, stews and pot roasts. Celery is important for retaining soil moisture which is not drained too quickly. Wild celery grows in frozen soil, so you need to ensure adequate moisture for this thirsty vegetable, while a sunny place is good, even to ensure growth.
- Trenching celery requires soil compaction in the stems as they can produce crispy, pale stalks. To make it easier, trenching celery is usually planted in the trench, hence the name, but some gardeners use cardboard tubes, pipes or collars to aid this blanching process.
- This extra step is not necessary for blanching celery. It makes it much easier to grow, and the stalks are just as delicious!
- Afina’ produces long, slender stalks (up to 30 inches in height) and is a dark green, hardy, fast growing variety (60 days from maturity).
- Conquistador’ tolerates high temperatures, water scarcity and average soil fertility.
- ‘Golden Self Blanching’ stringless stalks. This is a good choice for small gardens.
- The Utah 52-70R Advanced is good for gardeners with limited space. It will be only 18 inches long and disease resistant.
Due to its need for a long growing season, it is best to start with celery seeds indoors. For a spring crop, start sowing 10 to 12 weeks before your last spring frost. For autumn crops, start sowing in time for planting seedlings 10 to 12 weeks before the date of first frost. Celery requires nutritious soil. Loosen soil 12 to 15 inches deep with garden thorns or tillers, then mix in 2 to 4 inches old manure and / or compost soil or work with 5-10-10 manure. Celery prefers soils with a pH between 5.8 and 6.8. If you are not sure about the pH of your soil, do a soil test. For better know about How to grow celery see below.
How To Plant Celery Need Carefully Handle
Before sowing, soak the seeds in warm water overnight. This will speed up germination. The seeds are small, so handle with care and a sharp eye! Fill seed flats or pots with good quality seed starter mixture then gently level. Start with the seeds and press the seeds soaked in the soil; To get good germination, do not cover with soil. The easiest way to sow the seeds is to carefully tap the packet on the surface of the pot mixture and watch carefully as the seeds fall. Ideally you want to read them about an inch away. Once you’re done, harden the seeds in place. Cover the starter tray / container with plastic wrap to retain moisture. Germination takes about a week, but up to three weeks; Be patient.
- Immediately after planting, place a fluorescent grow light 3 inches above the ground for 16 hours (the plant also needs dark times).
- Maintain a temperature of 70 ° to 75 ° F (21 ° to 24) C) during the day and 60 ° to 65 ° F (15 ° to 18 ° C) at night.
- Regular fog.
- When the seedlings are 2 inches tall, replace them in a deep hole with separate peat pots or new potting soil.
- In flats, keep the trees at least 2 inches apart.
- Before planting, water the seedlings lightly and leave them outside (in a sun-protected area) for a few hours each day.
- When the soil temperature reaches at least 50 ° F (10 ° C) and the night temperature does not drop below 40 ° F (4 ° C), plant celery outside. (Cold weather after planting can cause bolting.)
- Plant seedlings at 8 to 10 inch intervals.
- Water thoroughly.
About best care of How to grow celery in your garden see below.
How To Care Celery Some Special Tips
Plant celery in your area within 10 to 12 weeks of the last frost. For autumn planting, celery starts within 20 to 26 weeks of the last frost date. Harden the plants within 7 to 10 days of planting. If you decide to sow your seeds directly, do so if the temperature is between 55 Fahrenheit and 70 Fahrenheit. Celery will dry out when planted when it is very hot and will not produce when the temperature is low.
- Cold weather; Celery will not tolerate high temperatures.
- Constant water; The stalks will be small, hard, stiff and / or hollow if left without water.
- Soils that are rich in organic matter and – because its roots shallow (only a few inches deep) – fertilized.
- Be sure to provide plenty of water throughout the growing season, especially in hot, dry weather.
- Use row cover for the first 4 to 5 weeks to protect against pests.
- When the tree is 6 inches tall, mulch around to keep the soil moist and keep the roots cool.
- Side dress with compost. Comfrey pellets are great, like coffee grounds, tickling the ground between trees.
- In the second and third months of growth, side-dress with 1 tablespoon 3 to 4 inches 5-10-10 fertilizer from each plant.
- Keep celery weed-free, but be careful when weeding because celery has shallow roots that can easily disturbed.
- Tie the growing celery stalks together so that they do not spread.
- When the stalks are about one foot long, start earthing the trenching variety, raising the soil about three inches (8 cm) each time until you can no longer climb the hill.
- Stalk Blanche (wrap or cover) to remove any bitter taste and create pale green stalks. Use something that will keep you light: brown-bag paper or cardboard (old nylon stockings, strings, protected with vegetable wire), half-gallon milk cartons (cut the top and bottom), or the like. Do not cover the celery leaves.
Extra Care For Celery
The celery crop harvested from summer and autumn until the first hard snowfall stops. As a biennial, celery can more wintery in mild climates, occasionally forming stalks in the colder months and finally reappearing in the spring before flowering. You can collect the plants completely, but if you cut or pick individual stalks as needed, the plants will continue to produce for a long time. The parts of celery that are cut are basically stalks, which will remain in the ground. Choose stalks whenever you want. Young celery mature product as well. Collect stalks from the outside. When the stalks are about 8 inches long you can start harvesting. Celery can kept in the garden for up to a month if the soil around it prepared to maintain an ideal temperature.
Celery will withstand a light frost, but not a continuous frost. The darker the stalks, the more nutrients there will be. Texture changes with color; Dark green stalks will harden. Place the celery in a plastic bag in the fridge. The celery shop is really good; You can keep it for many weeks without any hassle. Celery stalks can frozen. Cut the stalks into half-inch pieces and store in a freezer-grade bag. Celery is relatively hassle free. For early pest control, cover the plants with garden cloth (row cover) during the first four to six weeks of the growing season. Some disease problems solutions below;
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