How to grow cashew nuts safely and diseases Free. A cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is an evergreen and almond tree belonging to the family Anacardiaceae. It is native to Brazil in northeastern South America and Venezuela in the southeast. The Portuguese colonists named the cashew tree “cashew” when they discovered it and began exporting it in the sixteenth century. From this name comes the English name of cashew tree. The cashew tree now grows in other tropical and warmer climates of the world including India, Africa, Southeast Asia.
Cashew trees are attractive trees with large leaves and beautiful, pink flowers. (See image above.) Cashews, you know them, nuts. However, cashew nuts are not the only fruit of the cashew tree. Or rather, cashew nuts are just a part of the cashew fruit. The other part is called cashew apple. (Although pears it would be much more suitable.) And if I want to be very accurate, I have to mention that the cashew apple is actually the swollen stem of the fruit. In the picture below there are two ripe cashew apples and on the right you can see some young fruits where the stalks have not yet blossomed.
The fruit of the cashew tree (known as “Maran” in Central America) grows from flower stalks. Cashew nuts are commonly called cashew apples and are commonly used in jams and jellies, although they are technically a helpful fruit instead of the actual fruit. Mature trees also produce cashew seeds, which are actually individual cashew nuts. Almonds are rich in calcium, vitamin C and carbohydrates. Cashew nuts belong to the same family as pesto nuts and are useful for making creamy almond butter. More How to grow cashew nuts below.
How to Grow Cashew Nuts
Simple Info; Cashew looks very attractive with apple’s red cheeks. It is high in vitamin C, fresh, very juicy, but slightly acidic. And it leaves a hairy feeling on your face. I use it blended with other fruit juices or fruit yogurt. Even if it dries, it is very beautiful. In fact, I grow more almonds for apples than nuts.
So if you know of a cashew tree in your area, or you have another way to keep fresh seeds (it’s a whole thing, peel and all, not just nuts!), You can grow cashew trees from seed. However, be aware that cashew seeds do not grow properly for typing, meaning that the plant you get is not identical to the parent. It may not be as beautiful as fruit or flavor.
Nursery stock seedlings or pen trees of some fruit trees. Commercial farmers usually do their own promotion. If there is a farmer in your area, you may be able to buy his stock. If you want to grow your cashew trees from seed, you can start them in pots or place them directly in the ground. Keep them moist and should germinate within four or five days. Best time to plant? When you can get fresh seeds. The sooner you plant it, the better. Choose a good drainage area (cashew trees do not like wet feet or heavy clay soil), especially where there is some protection from strong winds. Adult trees require a distance of about 10 m / 30 ft and they are 12 m / 40 ft tall.
Growing Tips For batter Cashew Nuts
Sandy soils ensure a lack of waterlogging. Avoid clay based soils and the type of soil you use, make sure it allows free flowing irrigation as waterlogging can damage the plant. Buy cashew nuts exclusively to grow from garden supply stores. Cashews sold for consumption, even raw, are not usable because their protective shells have been removed. Always wear gloves when handling seeds, so that you do not touch them directly. Cashew seeds contain irritating ingredients like poison ivy, which can cause itchy skin.
Plant your seeds 10 centimeters (3.9 inches) deep to make room for roots. If you plant multiple trees, plant 30 feet (9.1 m) away from each to ensure adequate space for growth. Use fresh seeds as much as possible to get the best results, so plant as soon as possible.
Use areas where there is moderate rainfall. Cashews may not survive in areas with heavy rainfall or wind but can thrive in extremely hot temperatures up to 50 ° C (122 ° F). For this reason, tropical regions that receive very warm and moderate rainfall are ideal. Too much rain will drown the roots and the tree will die.
Water the plant once a week at a young age. This is to ensure that the root system develops adequately. Once it matures, water the plant once a week in summer and refrain from watering in winter as too much water can kill the plant.
Fertilize your tree once or twice a year. Cashews do not require a lot of fertilization but if you decide to use fertilizer it should contain the following ingredients. Nitrogen, Zinc (Cashew trees can sometimes be deficient in Zinc), Phosphorus.
Supporting Steps and Store Plan
Best tips How to grow cashew nuts. Tree support with a bet. This is especially important when the tree is young and if you live in a windy climate. Without it, the tree is likely to fly away and die. Properly covered, it will withstand a great deal of adverse conditions.
Tree pruning often. This will ensure that you remove any dead or infected branches that may spread to the rest of the plant if not touched. Pay special attention to densely branched areas as pruning here will encourage high level growth. If diseased branches contaminate other parts of the plant, there is a risk of infecting your fruit and possibly the whole plant. Remember to be patient. It takes a total of three years from sowing to harvesting.
Choose the fruit if the skin is pinkish red and dark gray. This color means the fruit is ripe and the peel is fully formed. This often happens in the winter or in the rainy season (depending on the climate you are in).
Peel a squash, grate it and squeeze the juice. The husk has a kidney shape and is attached to the fruit at one end. Peel a squash, grate it and squeeze the juice. The fruit is edible, rich in nutrients and is used by many for smoothing or even for eating raw. You can store the shells for up to two years before further processing.
Finale Steps For Cashew Nuts
Fry the unprocessed shells in a pan covered with fine sand for 10-20 minutes. This is done because the shell contains nuts, but a highly acidic, caustic oil that will burn you. During this process it is very important to cover the husks with a lid or to immerse them completely in sand. The temperature for this process is about 190 ° C (374 ° F). Some of the higher oils will turn to smoke (which should be avoided) and the nuts inside will dry out. Use an old baking tray or a disposable one as oil residues can be difficult to remove completely later.
Take the shell out of the sand. The shells should be washed with detergent before further handling to prevent any possible contact with the residual oil. Be careful not to come in contact with your eyes or mouth during this process due to the possibility of residual oil. Shell crack. Ready to take out the nuts from the inside. There will be a cover around them which will have to be carefully peeled off using the edge of a knife before moving on to the next step. Fry the nuts in coconut oil for 5 minutes. This is done to get rid of the last residue of toxic oils and to make sure that they are okay to eat. The oil should be heated to about 150 ° C (302 ° F). The nuts are now ready to eat.
Something At a Glance To Grow
- Grow your cashew trees in a warm climate.
- Sow seeds or plant a young tree. Choose fresh cashew seeds for sowing for germination. Growing from seed is a slow process and it can take up to five years for your cashew tree to bear fruit. For a faster growing process, buy a potted cashew tree from a garden center.
- Open your cashew tree in full sun. Provide at least six hours of direct sunlight daily for maximum growth of this fruit tree. Too much shaded cashew tree produces less cashew seeds.
- Use sandy soil. Cashew trees grow in sandy soils with about six medium pH levels. Avoid clayey soils and dense soils as they retain too much water. Cashew trees work best in well-drained soil.
- Water the trees according to the season. Water your plant deeply in summer and lightly in winter. When watering, allow the soil to dry completely, as excess water can destroy the cashew tree.
- Fertilize your cashew tree. Use a phosphorus rich fertilizer every month during the growing season. Add a layer of compost or organic mulch to add extra nutrients.
- Be aware of the problem of insects. Harmful insects are the most common among the cashew trees. A swollen stem is an indication that your cashew tree has borers, which may begin at the seedling stage. Use a pruning or bark spray on infected branches to solve the problem of insects.
- Take care when handling raw cashews and cashew nuts. Cashew nuts belong to the same family as poison ivy and cashew seed peel liquid is a type of caustic oil which, if misused, can cause skin irritation or allergic reactions. Use thick garden gloves to protect your hands.
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